When you have several teeth missing from different areas of your upper or lower jaw, a partial denture can restore your biting and chewing abilities as well bring back a beautiful smile and retain the shape of your mouth. Partial dentures can be either fixed or removable and can be designed to use adjoining teeth as support or be secured by dental implants, which are titanium screws that are permanently placed in your jawbone. A full denture is needed if all of your teeth have been extracted, and the prosthesis that replaces your teeth, can be conventional removable dentures or implant-supported dentures.
Removable Partial Dentures
If several teeth are missing in either your upper or lower jaw, a removable partial denture that is either supported by adjoining teeth or by an implant can be used to replace the missing teeth thus giving you the ability to chew more naturally, keep your remaining teeth from moving into the space left by the missing teeth, ensure proper jaw alignment and support the structure of your face.
Removable partial dentures are a secure, healthy option for patients who are missing a series of teeth somewhere in the mouth. Although removable, they are anchored in the mouth, making it easy for you to talk, eat, drink, and go about your every day life, with confidence.
However, because partial dentures are easily removed for brushing and cleaning, you can be sure you are keeping your surrounding teeth, gums, and mouth as healthy as possible. Take out your partial dentures to clean them and brush your teeth, and remove any food particles and then put it back in to maintain your confident smile. Your dentist will be able to recommend best practices for cleaning your dentures and which products will work best. Your dentist will also let you know how long you will need to wear the dentures per day.
A removable partial denture is either held in place by clasps that hook on to adjoining teeth or by securing to the abutment of a titanium screw that is implanted in your jawbone. Either option will require some practice on your part as you get used to taking your dentures out of your mouth and putting them back in. Have your dentist practice with you before you leave the office and then give yourself time at home to get used to it.
When all of your permanent teeth need to be extracted from either your upper or lower jaw because of decay, bone loss, periodontal disease or trauma, complete dentures are created to replace your missing teeth. Simulating your natural teeth, complete dentures will allow you to eat, drink and smile with confidence. Apart from small additions to your oral hygiene routine, dentures are a carefree dental option that allows you to get back to your regular life.
Your dentist may need to remove some of your teeth to prepare your mouth for complete dentures. After the extraction, you will receive a set of immediate dentures, so everyone goes home with teeth. Because your gums are likely to change during the healing process, these dentures may need to be adjusted or relined.
Over time, dentures can loosen because of the loss of gum tissue and jawbone that deteriorate when they no longer have tooth roots to keep them stimulated. Your dentist may recommend the use of dental products to keep them adhered to your gums. This will keep them in place and comfortable while you are eating and other every day activities.
An alternative to the adhering products is to have your dentures secured with implants that are placed in your jawbone and through a process called osseointegration take the place of a tooth root. Although your dentures will still be removable this allows you to secure them in place. Many patients find this to be a more comfortable option.
In either case, your dentures are easily removable for cleaning. Your dentist will discuss with you how best to clean your dentures. It’s important that you use the products they prescribe, particularly denture cleaners, rather than toothpaste. Although dentures are made to simulate your teeth, they are not made of the same substance and need to be treated differently.